HIPAA / Privacy Practices
Neurology Center, P.A.
Notice of Privacy Practices
THIS NOTICE DESCRIBES HOW MEDICAL INFORMATION ABOUT YOU MAY BE USED AND DISCLOSED AND HOW YOU CAN GET ACCESS TO THIS INFORMATION. PLEASE REVIEW IT CAREFULLY. IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS ABOUT THIS NOTICE, PLEASE CONTACT OUR PRIVACY OFFICER, STEVE LONG (301) 562-7200.
This Notice of Privacy Practices tells you how we may use and disclose your protected health information to treat you, bill for the care we provide, and operate our practice in a business –like manner. It also explains when we may use or disclose patient health information to comply with various laws. “Protected health information” (“PHI”) is information about you, including demographic information, that may identify you and that relates to your past, present or future physical or mental health or condition and related health care services. PHI also includes genetic information about you. We are required by law to maintain the privacy of PHI and to provide you with this Notice of Privacy Practices with respect to our use and disclosure of your PHI. In addition, we are required to notify you in the event the security of your unsecured PHI has been breached. We are required to abide by this Notice of Privacy Practices, as is currently in effect.
We may change the terms of this Notice of Privacy Practices at any time. The new notice will be effective for all PHI that we maintain at that time.. Revised Notices of Privacy Practices will be available on our website at www.neurologycenter.com. Alternatively, we will make a paper copy of our Notice of Privacy Practices available to you upon request by calling our office and requesting that a revised copy be sent to you in the mail or asking for one at the time of your next appointment.
1. Uses and Disclosures of Protected Health Information
Your PHI may be used and disclosed by your physician, our office staff and others outside of our office that are involved in your care and treatment for the purpose of providing health care services to you. Your PHI may also be used and disclosed to pay your health care bills and to support the operation of the physician’s practice. The Neurology Center will limit its own uses and disclosures of PHI to the minimum amount of information necessary to accomplish the purpose at hand.
THE FOLLOWING IS A SUMMARY OF THE CIRCUMSTANCES UNDER WHICH AND PURPOSES FOR WHICH YOUR PHI MAY BE USED AND DISCLOSED WITHOUT YOUR SPECIFIC AUTHORIZATION:
Uses and Disclosures of Protected Health Information for Treatment, Payment and Healthcare Operations
Treatment: We will use and disclose your PHI to provide, coordinate, or manage your health care and any related services. We will also disclose PHI to other physicians who may be treating you when we have the necessary permission from you to disclose your protected health information and we will exchange PHI for e-prescribing purposes. For example, your PHI may be provided to a physician to whom you have been referred to ensure that the physician has the necessary information to diagnose or treat you.
In addition, we may use a sign-in sheet at the registration desk where you will be asked to sign your name and indicate your physician. We may also call you by name in the waiting room when your physician is ready to see you. We may use or disclose your PHI, as necessary, to contact you to remind you of your appointment.
Payment: Your PHI will be used, as needed, to obtain payment for your health care services. This may include certain activities that your health insurance plan may undertake before it approves or pays for the health care services we recommend and have provided for you such as; making a determination of eligibility or coverage for insurance benefits, reviewing services provided to you for medical necessity, and undertaking utilization review activities. For example, we often are required to provide written medical documentation to support services provided to you.
Healthcare Operations: We may use or disclose, as-needed, your PHI in order to support the business activities of your physician’s practice. These activities include, but are not limited to, incorporate PHI into electronic medical records; quality assessment activities; patient safety activities; activities designed to improve health or reduce health care costs; protocol development, case management and care coordination; employee review activities;, training of medical students, other health care professionals and non-health care professionals; accreditation, licensing and credentialing; compliance reviews and auditing; legal services; business development and planning; and other business management and general administrative activities.
We will share your PHI with third party “business associates” that perform various activities (e.g., billing, transcription services) for the practice. Whenever an arrangement between our office and a business associate involves the use or disclosure of your PHI, we will have a written contract that contains terms that will protect the privacy of your protected health information.
Others Involved in Your Healthcare: Unless you object, we may disclose to a member of your family, a relative, a close friend or any other person you identify, your PHI that directly relates to that person’s involvement in your health care. If you are unable to agree or object to such a disclosure, we may disclose such information as necessary if we determine that it is in your best interest based on our professional judgment. We may use or disclose PHI to notify or assist in notifying a family member, personal representative or any other person that is responsible for your care of your location, general condition or death. Finally, we may use or disclose your PHI to an authorized public or private entity to assist in disaster relief efforts and to coordinate uses and disclosures to family or other individuals involved in your health care.
Other Permitted and Required Uses and Disclosures of Protected Health Information for Public Policy Purposes
We may use or disclose your PHI in the following situations:
Required By Law: We may use or disclose your PHI to the extent that such use or disclosure is required by law.
Public Health: We may disclose your PHI for public health activities and purposes to a public health authority that is permitted by law to collect or receive the information.
Communicable Diseases: We may disclose your PHI, if authorized by law, to a person who may have been exposed to a communicable disease or may otherwise be at risk of contracting or spreading the disease or condition.
Health Oversight: We may disclose PHI to a health oversight agency for activities authorized by law, such as audits, investigations, and inspections.
Abuse or Neglect: We may disclose your PHI to a public health authority that is authorized by law to receive reports of child abuse or neglect. In addition, we may disclose your PHI if we believe that you have been a victim of abuse, neglect or domestic violence to the governmental entity or agency authorized to receive such information.
Food and Drug Administration: We may disclose your PHI to a person or company required by the Food and Drug Administration to report adverse events, product defects or problems, biologic product deviations, track products; to enable product recalls; to make repairs or replacements, or to conduct post marketing surveillance, as required.
Legal Proceedings: We may disclose PHI about you in the course of any judicial or administrative proceeding, or in response to an order of a court or administrative tribunal to the extent such disclosure is expressly authorized. We may also disclose PHI about you in response to a subpoena, discovery request or other lawful process, provided appropriate steps have been taken to notify you or to get a protective order from the court to safeguard your PHI.
Law Enforcement: We may disclose PHI for law enforcement purposes, such as: (1) legal processes and otherwise required by law, (2) pertaining to victims of a crime, (3) suspicion that death has occurred as a result of criminal conduct, (4) in the event that a crime occurs on the premises of the practice, and (5) medical emergency (not on the Practice’s premises) and it is likely that a crime has occurred.
Coroners, Funeral Directors, and Organ Donation: We may disclose PHI to a coroner, medical examiner, or funeral director for identification purposes, as appropriate.
Research: We may disclose your PHI to researchers doing studies based on existing medical records or using existing records to plan a study involving patient treatment when their research has been approved by an institutional review board, which has reviewed the research proposal and established protocols to ensure the privacy of your PHI. If you agree to participate in research involving treatment, you will also be asked to sign an authorization to allow the researcher to use PHI gathered in the study.
Imminent Threats: Consistent with applicable federal and state laws, we may disclose your PHI, if we believe that the use or disclosure is necessary to prevent or lessen a serious and imminent threat to the health or safety of a person or the public.
Military Activity and National Security: When the appropriate conditions apply, we may use or disclose PHI of individuals who are Armed Forces personnel for activities deemed necessary by appropriate military and security purposes.
Workers’ Compensation: We may disclose your PHI as authorized to comply with workers’ compensation laws and other similar legally-established programs.
Inmates: We may use or disclose your PHI if you are an inmate of a correctional facility and your physician created or received your PHI in the course of providing care to you.
Disclosures to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Under the law, we must make disclosures on request to the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (“HHS”) to help HHS determine whether we are operating in compliance with federal laws that protect the privacy of your health information.
Other Uses and Disclosures of Protected Health Information:
Any other uses and disclosures of your PHI not otherwise described in this Notice of Privacy Practices, including the sale of your PHI or the use of your PHI for marketing purposes, will be made only with your written authorization. You may revoke an authorization at any time, in writing, prospectively.
2. Your Rights
You have the right to inspect and copy your PHI. You may inspect and obtain a copy of PHI about you that is contained in a designated record set for as long as we maintain the PHI. A “designated record set” contains medical and billing records and any other records that your physician and/or the practice use for making decisions about you. If your PHI is maintained electronically, you have a right to request your PHI in a readable electronic format. You may be charged a reasonable fee for the costs associated with your request. For a COPY of your medical records, please contact the office. To obtain access to your PHI, you must submit a written request to the Privacy Officer via email at email@example.com or at the following address:
The Neurology Center, P.A.
Attn: Steve Long, Privacy Officer
8555 16th Street, Suite 310
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Under federal law, however, you may not inspect or copy the following records: psychotherapy notes, information complied in reasonable anticipation of litigation, or information governed by certain federal laws pertaining to laboratory testing quality.
You have the right to request a restriction of your protected health information. You may ask us not to use or disclose any part of your protected health information for the purposes of treatment, payment or healthcare operations. You must submit the request in writing and describe the specific restriction requested and to whom you want the restriction to apply. You may also request that any part of your protected health information not be disclosed to family members or friends who may be involved in your care or for notification purposes as described in this Notice of Privacy Practices. For the most part, we are not required to agree to your request. However, we must agree to your restriction request related to disclosures of your protected health information to health plans for payment or health care operations if the protected health information which is the subject of your request relates solely to a health care item or service for which you or a third party, other than your health plan, have paid us for in full. If we do agree to the requested restriction, we may not use or disclose your PHI in violation of that restriction unless it is needed to provide emergency treatment.
You have the right to request to receive confidential communications from us by alternative means or at an alternative location. We will accommodate reasonable requests. We may also condition this accommodation by asking you for information as to how payment will be handled or specification of an alternative address or other method of contact. We will not request an explanation from you as to the basis for the request.
You may have the right to have your physician amend your protected health information. You may request an amendment of PHI about you in a designated record set for as long as we maintain this information. In certain cases, we may deny your request for an amendment. If we deny your request for amendment, you have the right to file a statement of disagreement with us and we may prepare a rebuttal to your statement and will provide you with a copy of any such rebuttal. We will not delete information from your medical record, but we may make adjustments or note corrections to the record, if so agreed.
You have the right to receive an accounting of certain disclosures we have made, if any, of your protected health information. You have a right to request an accounting of disclosures of your PHI. The request for an accounting must be made in writing to the Privacy Officer via email at firstname.lastname@example.org or at the following address:
The Neurology Center, P.A.
Attn: Steve Long, Privacy Officer
8555 16th Street, Suite 310
Silver Spring, MD 20910
The request should specify the time period for the accounting. Accounting requests may not be made for periods of time in excess of six (6) years or three (3) years for disclosures related to treatment, payment or health care operations made by or through an Electronic Health Record. We will provide the first accounting you request during any 12-month period without charge. Subsequent accounting requests may be subject to a reasonable cost-based fee.
You have the right to obtain a paper copy of this notice from us at any time.
You may complain to us or to the Region III, Office for Civil Rights, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 150 S. Independence Mall West, Suite 372, Public Ledger Building, Philadelphia, PA 19106-9111 or e-mail: OCRComplaint@hhs.gov, if you believe your privacy rights have been violated by us. You may file a complaint with us by notifying our Privacy Officer of your complaint. We will not retaliate against you for filing a complaint.
You may contact our Privacy Officer, Steve Long at (301) 562-7200 or by e-mail at email@example.com for further information about the complaint process.
This notice was published and becomes effective on April 14, 2003.
Updated: November 14, 2012; September 11, 2003; August, 8, 2016; February 8, 2018